There are many students who wonder how to prepare for the DELE B1 and what are the main characteristics of this exam. Without a doubt, this intermediate level test is a good opportunity to show what the student knows. If he has prepared enough, he must show calm and security. The most important thing is to organize yourself, plan your time well and have the right materials.
What do the DELE B1 exams consist of?
This is an official test to obtain the Diploma of Spanish as a Foreign Language (DELE) . Possessing it implies demonstrating a concrete knowledge of this language. In the case at hand, we refer to level B1 (intermediate).
The DELE B1 exams are divided into four main phases:
- Oral comprehension (30 minutes).
- Written comprehension (70 minutes).
- Oral production (30 minutes).
- Written production (60 minutes).
As can be seen, each of these tests has a specific time distribution. Therefore, planning it properly is essential to avoid penalties. Our advice is to prioritize the exercises that qualify the most and leave the others for last. The more the test is controlled, the better the result.
The composition of the DELE B1 exam, in detail
How to prepare for the DELE B1 exam?
It is best to know its structure in depth and be clear about the technical requirements of each exercise. To make it possible, we will explain the different sections that compose it in a detailed way.
You have to know how to adapt to the intonation, rhythm and pronunciation of Spanish:
- Listen to six audios (40-60 words) and answer several multiple-choice questions.
- Answer questions about a monologue (400-450 words) and with different possible options.
- Listen to six news items (350-400 words) and answer six questions.
- Match short conversations (50-70 words) with nine possible sentences.
- Engage in a conversation (250-300 words) with your sender.
In this case, it is vital to demonstrate a good ability to understand main and supporting ideas :
- Relate nine short texts (40-60 words) with the ideas they contain.
- Read a text (400-450 words) and answer six multiple choice questions.
- Link three texts (100-120 words) with the ideas they provide.
- Complete a text (400-450 words) with six of the eight possible fragments.
- Fill in a text (150-200 words) with different short excerpts.
This phase consists of the following tests:
- Prepare and deliver a short monologue with questions about a non-complex topic.
- Have a spontaneous conversation with the interviewer following certain instructions.
- Present an image (chosen from two options) and have a chat with the examiner.
- Simulate a daily situation with the interviewer.
The written interaction test serves to demonstrate ability to produce a text:
- Craft a letter or email (100-120 words) about personal and simple content.
- Create an expository or narrative text (130-150 words) about a topic to choose between two options.
How to prepare for the DELE B1 exam?
After having seen the sections that make up the test, it is time to give some advice. The most important thing is to gain confidence and fluency, both when speaking and when reading. In this sense, the examiners want to see that the candidates know how to handle the language with a certain level.
1. The DELE B1 exam models, a crucial advantage
Obtaining DELE B1 exam models is the ideal solution to have greater control. These are tests that follow the style, structure and approaches of the official ones. Therefore, it is essential to have enough material for each of the four skills.
2. Practice spontaneous productions
Both the written and oral phases contain spontaneous production exercises. A very common mistake among students is not working this part with enough depth. It is true that you do not know what you are going to ask, but you can prepare the answer. Our recommendation is to practice a battery of verbal constructions and formal expressions.
3. Rehearse conversations with another person
Practicing with an interlocutor allows you to gain ease and security , especially in monologues. It is best to do it with native speakers to receive feedback that can be invaluable. It’s also helpful to record yourself while giving an opinion to hone in on less fluent points.
4. Work on the extraction of ideas
During exams, students often make a very frequent mistake. Nervous and in a hurry, they focus too much on the details and lose the main notion of the text . You have to extract the central idea to then move on to the one raised by each paragraph. A good trick can be to write it during the reading itself so as not to forget it.
As we have seen in this article, control is key to knowing how to prepare the DELE B1 . If we know the exam well before doing it, we will be able to manage its approach, our dexterity and, especially, our nerves.